Art | Image Composition And Principles

You’re certainly familiar with the term “composition” from music. A composer is someone who assembles disparate elements into a cohesive whole. He arranges them in a particular order and harmony. Composition in the fine arts is the same way.

Composition is used to define the structure of a sculpture, a building’s wall structure, or a painting’s structure. The phrase “componere” is derived from Latin and means “to assemble and position.” It is generally easier to understand the content and aim of the artist if the structure of the painting is marked with auxiliary lines. All details are omitted, and all visual content is reduced to its most basic form for this purpose. Before the first brushstroke, visit for more information about paintbrushes. The artist decides on the arrangement of the individual picture parts and their relationship to one another in painting. His preliminary thoughts are essentially the result. As a result, he sketches out where the items and shapes should go right from the start. It also establishes which principles of order they must adhere to.

The primary goal of picture composition is to organize figures and picture elements on the picture surface. There are two ways to arrange points, lines, and areas: ordered and unordered. We refer to them as a grid if they follow a rigorous geometric sequence. However, due to the numerous aspects, this, too, can have a restless effect.

Symmetry and Asymmetry
The effect of image elements facing each other on a symmetry axis is balanced. It can be laid out horizontally, vertically, or at an angle. Symmetry and a focus on horizontals give your image a pleasing appearance.

Contrasts are one of the most effective rules of order in the composition if you want to create tension in your image. You may add emotion to your image composition by contrasting shapes, lighting situations, and color contrasts.

Light and dark contrast
Compositional factors such as light and shadow are essential. You can utilize color to impact the ambiance of your image if you add it.

Agglomeration and Dispersion
Bundling similar visual elements can either add dynamism or tranquility. Place the forms close together or overlap them to increase the concentration in this area of the image. Bundling isn’t as effective as spreading distinct picture pieces on purpose. Arrange them in a regular pattern to produce a static effect, or scatter them in the picture dynamically and randomly.

Harmony is achieved by grouping comparable visual elements together. To do so, symmetrically or asymmetrically, ordered or disordered, central or decentralized, arrange picture elements in a corresponding ratio.

Main Emphasis
To bring individual visual elements into the viewer’s focus, use the central position. Compress picture elements or color-highlight image sections to achieve this. A more imbalanced, but often more intriguing, dispersed focus on the picture’s edge.

Sequence and Rhythm
When you repeat related visual parts at regular intervals, you’re using sequence. You may make a rhythm like in music by drawing two horizontal lines, three vertical lines, and then two horizontal lines again. These lines can be genuine or fictional.

In the visual arts, the logical arrangement is one of the most fundamental compositional components. This involves the depiction of the perspective as well. Is there a foreground in your photograph that is close and below? Is there a foreground and background that appear to be higher and farther away? For the illusion of depth, imaginative lines of sight, alignments, and level manipulation are crucial.

Proportion theory and the Golden ratio
The so-called golden ratio is a size-to-number ratio that achieves a perfect proportional balance. The relationship between the shorter and longer distances is the same as the relationship between the longer and shorter distances over their full length: a: b = b: a + b.

You are free to choose your composition if the format of your picture is not already dictated by the canvas or paper size.

Example: Perspective picture composition
You may see how an artist dealt with particular principles of order by looking at a Renaissance piece that matches the compositional style of the time. And what effect his decision has on the image’s content.